Entity Concept in Financial Accounting
The entity concept is one of the central tenets of accounting. An understanding of the same is therefore of paramount importance to students. However, the entity concept came as a solution to a problem faced by earlier accountants. To understand the benefits of the solution provided, we must look at the problem first.
Confusion in Measurement
In reality a business is just another aspect of a persons life. When many people get together and start a business, it is their collective effort. However, this can cause confusion for the accountants. Imagine accounting for personal and business expenses together. The accountants would never be able to come to an accurate picture of profits.
Separation of Concerns
To solve this problem, accountants created the entity concept. This was the separation of personal and professional concerns of the entrepreneur. For the purpose of accounting, the business is considered to be an entity which is independent and separate from its entrepreneur.
Legal Status Irrelevant
The separation of concerns in accounting is irrespective of the legal status of the organization. In real life, some forms of organizations like private limited and public limited companies are considered to be separate entities whereas other forms like partnerships and sole proprietorships are considered to be part of the owners entity. Accounting does not make this distinction.
The entity concept may seem to be a frivolous and obvious assumption of accounting. However, the implications that thus assumption creates is both start and counterintuitive. Here is a look at the implications.
MSG Video - Entity Concept & Going Concern Concept
- Objectives of Accounting
- Limitations of Accounting
- Who Uses Accounting Data ?
- Different Types of Entities
- Different Types of Accounts
Authorship/Referencing - About the Author(s)
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