Expectancy Theory of Motivation
The expectancy theory was proposed by Victor Vroom of Yale School of Management in 1964. Vroom stresses and focuses on outcomes, and not on needs unlike Maslow and Herzberg.
The theory states that the intensity of a tendency to perform in a particular manner is dependent on the intensity of an expectation that the performance will be followed by a definite outcome and on the appeal of the outcome to the individual.
The Expectancy theory states that employees motivation is an outcome of:
Thus, the expectancy theory concentrates on the following three relationships:
Vroom was of view that employees consciously decide whether to perform or not at the job. This decision solely depended on the employees motivation level which in turn depends on three factors of expectancy, valence and instrumentality.
Advantages of the Expectancy Theory
Limitations of the Expectancy Theory
Implications of the Expectancy Theory
Authorship/Referencing - About the Author(s)
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