Coordination and Cooperation
Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. It is the willingness of individuals to help each other.
Co-ordination is an effort to integrate effectively energies of different groups whereas co-operation is sort to achieve general objectives of business.
Though these two are synonymous but they are different as below:
Differences between Co-ordination and Co-operation
||It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals.
||It means mutual help willingly.
||It is broader than co-operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts.
||It is termed as a part of co-ordination.
||The function of co-ordination is performed by top management.
||The functions of co-operation are prepared by persons at any level.
||Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work.
||Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together.
||It establishes formal and informal relationships.
||It establishes informal relationship.
||It is planned and entrusted by the central authority & it is essential.
||It depends upon the sweet will of the individuals and therefore it is not necessary.
||It seeks wholehearted support from various people working at various levels.
||Co-operation without co-ordination is fruitless & therefore it may lead to unbalanced developments.
Therefore, existence of co-operation may prove to be effective condition or requisite for co-ordination. But it does not mean that co-ordination originates automatically from the voluntary efforts of the group of members. It has to be achieved through conscious & deliberate efforts of managers, therefore to conclude we can say that co-operation without co-ordination has no fruit and co-ordination without co-operation has no root.
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