Production Planning and Control
For efficient, effective and economical operation in a manufacturing unit of an organization, it is essential to integrate the production planning and control system. Production planning and subsequent production control follow adaption of product design and finalization of a production process.
Production planning and control address a fundamental problem of low productivity, inventory management and resource utilization.
Production planning is required for scheduling, dispatch, inspection, quality management, inventory management, supply management and equipment management. Production control ensures that production team can achieve required production target, optimum utilization of resources, quality management and cost savings.
Planning and control are an essential ingredient for success of an operation unit. The benefits of production planning and control are as follows:
Production planning is one part of production planning and control dealing with basic concepts of what to produce, when to produce, how much to produce, etc. It involves taking a long-term view at overall production planning. Therefore, objectives of production planning are as follows:
A well thought production planning ensures that overall production process is streamlined providing following benefits:
Production planning takes care of two basic strategies product planning and process planning. Production planning is done at three different time dependent levels i.e. long-range planning dealing with facility planning, capital investment, location planning, etc.; medium-range planning deals with demand forecast and capacity planning and lastly short term planning dealing with day to day operations.
Production control looks to utilize different type of control techniques to achieve optimum performance out of the production system as to achieve overall production planning targets. Therefore, objectives of production control are as follows:
The advantages of robust production control are as follows:
Production control cannot be same across all the organization. Production control is dependent upon the following factors:
Production planning and control are essential for customer delight and overall success of an organization.
- Capacity Planning
- Aggregate Planning
- Materials and Resource Planning
- Operations Scheduling
- Waiting Line (Queue) Management
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