Different Types of Youth Entrepreneurship
Year 2001 goes into the annals of history as the most significant year of contribution made to YE through creation of Youth Employment Network, an initiative and partnership between United Nations, ILO and the World Bank. YEN was the outcome of the millennium summit that resolved to create and provide decent work opportunities for the Youth across the globe. YEN provides the global platform to exchange ideas, plans and framework to improve work opportunities for the youth through a network of developmental agencies, governments, business and economic communities as well as Youth groups and NGOs.
YEN has identified Employability, Equal opportunities for young men and women, Entrepreneurship and Employment creation as the four goal posts for furthering Youth employment.
Understanding the subject of Youth Entrepreneurship begins with trying to identify and define the different types of Youth Entrepreneurships. While some of the academicians have categorised Youth Entrepreneurship into Economic, Social, Public Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship the list of categories is exhaustive. With recent studies and based on the differentiation in the behaviour and attitudes, roles, functions, industry and many more relevant characterisations, new categorisation of Youth Entrepreneurship has been put forth by the researchers. We shall enumerate some of the important categories as defined by the new generation scholar Clarence Danhof.
The so called mavericks that are able to think out of the box, innovative new methods, processes and create new business opportunities out of their innovative ideas are known as Innovative Entrepreneurs. Currently we can name dozens of Innovative Entrepreneurs in the world. If Bill Gates and Steve Jobs made history in the recent past, they are being fast replaced by youth entrepreneurs like Jack Dorsey – founder of twitter, Sergey Brin, Larry Page of Google, Mark Elliot Zuckerberg who founded Face book.
Most of the entrepreneurs in the developing countries and under developed countries who bring home tried and tested technologies from the developed world and establish them in the home country come under this category.
Youth entrepreneurs who take on the business from their previous generation and manage to grow the business without taking any major risk of deviating into new areas but improving efficiencies, processes and scale of operations etc are called Fabian Entrepreneurs.
Drone Entrepreneurs are the first generation Entrepreneurs who manage the business handed down to them and continue to look at running the enterprise smoothly without taking any risks. This kind of attitude may be said to be an individual train of the Entrepreneur that leads him to manage the inherited business in a steady mode.
Further Classifications of Youth Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship is an outcome of a lot of factors including values, beliefs, attitudes, innate spirit, inborn leadership, and influence of environment, family, skills and many more. Therefore categorization of Youth Entrepreneurs can also be classified into several types based on various factors. Some of the classifications have been arrived at based on the type of business, based on technology, based on geography [Rural & Urban], as per Gender, scale of operations etc. Business entrepreneurship which is one of the significant and dominant categories can be further sub divided into Business, Trading, Industrial, Corporate, Agriculture, Retail, Service and Social Entrepreneurs.
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