Training Needs Analysis
Training is an expensive process not only in terms of the money spent on it but also the time and the other resources spent on the same.
The most important question therefore is determining whether or not a need for training actually exists and whether the intervention will contribute to the achievement of organisational goal directly or indirectly?
The answer to the above mentioned question lies in training needs analysis which is the first step in the entire process of training and development.
Training needs analysis is a systematic process of understanding training requirements.
It is conducted at three stages -
Each of which is called as the organisational, individual and job analysis. Once these analyses are over, the results are collated to arrive upon the objectives of the training program.
Another view of the training need is that, it is the discrepancy between what is and what should be. Taking cues from this the world bank conducted a needs analysis and arrived upon the conclusion that many of its units in eastern regions of Europe required transformation from state owned business to self sustaining organisations. A number of universities were then contacted to develop the necessary modules and conduct the training upon the same.
Although each step in the entire training process is unique in its own, needs analysis is special in that it lays the foundation for the kind of training required.
The assessment gives insight into what kind of intervention is required, knowledge or skill or both. In certain cases where both of these are present and the performance is still missing then the problem may be motivational in nature. It thus highlights the need and the appropriate intervention which is essential to make the training effective.
As mentioned earlier, the needs analysis/assessment is carried out at three levels - organisational, Individual and Job. We now take up each one of them in detail.
- Training and Development - Introduction
- Training & Development and HRD
- Systems View of Training
- Collecting Data for Needs Assessment
- Development of a Training Program
Authorship/Referencing - About the Author(s)
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